Reset Windows Passwords for Vista, 7, and 2008 Server

Logo image for resetting forgotten passwords for Windows Vista, 7 and 2008 ServerOn one of my VMs with Windows 2008 Server, I needed to reset the Administrator password. A quick google led me to a very nice little trick. This also works for Windows Vista, Windows 7 as well as on Windows 2008 Server.

The trick involves booting from a Windows CD, getting to a repair Ease of Access icon button, which is used to launch a command prompt to change the windows passwordCommand Prompt, replacing the utilman.exe file with cmd.exe, booting Windows up as normal, and then clicking the “Ease of Access” button on the login screen to bring up a Command Prompt to issue: net user administrator newpassword

What you need to reset the Password

  • A Windows installation DVD (or reinstallation DVD)
    (If you have Vista installed, you’ll need a Windows Vista DVD. If you have Windows 7, you’ll need a Windows 7 Microsoft DVD).

Reset the Windows Password

  • Image of the Repair Windows Option, where you can choose the Command Prompt which will let you change the utilman.exe to the cmd.exeInsert the Windows installation DVD
  • Reboot the PC and boot from CD/DVD
  • Choose “Repair”. Under the Repair menu, look for “Command Prompt”.
  • In the Command Prompt, issue the following commands below:
#(You should see some folders listed. If you don't see Windows, change to the d: drive. d:)
cd Windows
cd System32
move Utilman.exe Utilman.exe.bak
copy cmd.exe Utilman.exe
  • Reboot the PC and start Windows
  • Click the “Ease of Access” button on the bottom left (or press Windows + U)
  • In the resulting Command Prompt window, issue the folllowing:
net user administrator newpasswordhere
#(to list all local usernames, just type "net user")
  • Close the Command Prompt and Login :)
  • Rename and move the files (utilman.exe) back.

Further information: youtube has many videos showing a step by step process. See:

This above method helped me quickly reset the Windows Password without having to go making a special boot CD such as the Offline NT Password and Registry editor.

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SEO tweaks using mod_rewrite to prevent duplicate content being crawled

Over the past few years, with the rise in popularity of using no-www there have been some issues where content is getting crawled by a search engines twice, and in some cases getting a negative scoring due to duplicated content. I.E. Accessing a website using and also

More recently I’ve come across the fact that and (just ending in a trailing slash) are been indexed twice as separate pages, and also getting a negative score due to duplicated content.

I’m sure search engines are getting more intelligent and not negatively scoring websites for these oversights, however I said I’d use mod_rewrite for the Apache webserver to overcome these issues.

vi .htaccess
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^domain\.com$
RewriteRule (.*)$1 [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^$ [R=301,L]

In your apache vhost config, you may have to change “AllowOverride None” to “AllowOverride FileInfo” (more fine grained and safer than going AllowOverride All).

So the above mod_rewrite code rewrites to It also rewrites to
This was for a recent web design project for a simple static website. Your mileage may vary, so if you use the above, make sure to test thoroughly.


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Remove a Preferred Network from the Dell Wireless Utility

An information sheet on how to remove a Preferred Network from a computer with a Dell Wireless Utility on Windows XP. Link to Document

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Build & Manage Websites with Dreamweaver Templates

How do you handle common elements of a webpage across a number of pages? (e.g. Navigation, Header, Footer areas etc) How do you update the header or footer area of every webpage in a website?

  • PHP Includes
  • SSI Includes
  • Manually with Copy and Paste
  • Use Dreamweavers Template Functionality

I’ve been paying more attention to wappalyzer (plugin to firefox) which detects CMS, frameworks and other web technologies, and have found that quite a few websites use Dreamweavers Templates to manage their websites.

PHP Includes

I am a big fan of using PHP Includes to manage websites where there were common elements, such as a Header, Navigation and Footer. There are advantages and disadvantages. The main disadvantage in developing a website for someone is that they would have to be familiar with PHP Includes, and be able to edit the separate files in a text editor (or a Live View option). While a lot of websites use CMSs such as wordpress to manage their websites, people do not realise that these systems need to be regularly updated and maintained.

 //Require Custom Functions to Print Aspects of the Pages.
 //Print Top Nav. Send in the Name of Page for Title.
 print_top('Title of Page','Meta Description','Meta keywords');
<!-- Begin Main Content Here -->
<h1>Home Page</h1>
<p>Main Content Here..</p>
<!-- End Main Content Here -->

There are a lot of advantages in having a static website which can be easily edited, managed and updated. Large websites use enterprise level web publishing software (RedDot) which can output static html files.
Using Dreamweavers Template functionality, you can achieve the same.

How to recognise a Website built with a Dreamweaver Template

Looking at the html source of a webpage will reveal the dreamweaver template codes.

html source of a webpage using a Dreamweaver Template

<!-- InstanceBegin template="/Templates/2011.dwt" codeOutsideHTMLIsLocked="false" -->
<!-- InstanceBeginEditable name="head" -->
<!-- InstanceEndEditable -->

Manual Setup of a Dreamweaver Template

As I prefer doing coding in a text editor, below is the before and after code required to create a dreamweaver template.

1. Create and develop your index.html as normal. (view file)
2. Make a copy of index.html and rename it to mytemplate.dwt
Edit the DWT file and add in the following around the
changeable head elements:
<!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="head" -->
<!-- TemplateEndEditable -->

and add the following around the changeable main content:
<!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="maincontent" -->
<!-- TemplateEndEditable -->
(view file)
3. Edit the index.html file to look like:
<!-- InstanceBegin template="mytemplate.dwt" codeOutsideHTMLIsLocked="false" -->
<!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="head" -->
          <meta name="Keywords" content="websites, design " />
          <meta name="Description" content="Example home page" />
          <title>Stephen's Home Website</title>
<!-- TemplateEndEditable -->
<!-- TemplateBeginEditable name="maincontent" -->
          <h1>Welcome to the Home Page</h1>
          <p>This is a paragraph of text on the main home page</p>
<!-- TemplateEndEditable -->
<!-- InstanceEnd -->
(view file)
4. In Dreamweaver, with the above index.html open,
Modify (drop-down menu) -> Templates -> Update Current Page
This will update the index.html and show all of the code.
The code in the header, navigation and footer will be gray, and you can't edit it.
You can however edit the title and meta head sections and main content area.
(view file)

Manual Setup Workflow

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 4

Setup of Dreamweaver Template (GUI Method)

The previous method outlined the exact Dreamweaver Template codes, which you can insert manually. It’s not the most ideal method, as Dreamweaver has tools for creating and setting up templates, and it doesn’t add that much extra bloat.

A “site” must be setup in Dreamweaver to allow you to create and update templates easily.

As there are a few steps involved, a video has been created showing the key elements.

Advanced Components of Dreamweaver Templates

If you have “Sub Navigation” menus, you can do a conditional include on pages which require a specific “sub navigation” or other element.

Optional Region

Example: There are a number of “product” webpages, and you want to show a common Sub Navigation on these pages.

//Open the mytemplate.dwt file in Dreamweaver.
//Go to the area (outside of a editable region) and add the following.
//(Use floats and css to position)
 <!-- TemplateBeginIf cond="productsnav" -->
      <li>Product 1</li>
      <li>Product 2</li>
      <li>Product 3</li>
 <!-- TemplateEndIf -->
//In the main head area, add the line:
<!-- TemplateParam name="productsnav" type="boolean" value="false" -->
//Choose to update all pages. By default it is "false" so no sub nav
//will be inserted into any pages.
//Open the html page you want the subnav on.
//In the head config line, change to:
<!-- TemplateParam name="productsnav" type="boolean" value="true" -->
//Update the current page (Modify > Templates > Update Current Page

Optional Area for SubNav in the DWT

Products Page with Optional Nav Element


Making Changes to the Template and updating all Webpages

Of course the real benefit of using Dreamweaver Templates is when it comes to making changes. A dreamweaver site should be setup/defined as this will make things much easier (The above video goes through this.).

  1. Open the mytemplate.dwt file.
  2. Modify (drop-down menu) > Templates > Update Pages…

Other Resources

There are actually a ton of resources available on Dreamweaver Templates. The above does not cover all capabilities of DW’s templates. Check out other tutorials on dreamweaver templates.

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Backup with SyncToy

Left to Right
(all files are copied from the Folder on the Left, to the Folder on the Right)

SyncToy Screenshot. Changes are copied from Left to Right

  • Synchronize: New and updated files are copied both ways. Renames and deletes in one folder is repeated on the other.
  • Echo: New and updated files are copied left to right. Renames and deletes on the left are repeated on the right.
  • Subscribe: Updated files on the right are copied to the left is the file name already exists on the left.
  • Contribute: New and updated files are copied left to right. Renames on the left are repeated on the right. Similar to Echo, except there are no deletions.
  • Combine: New and updated files are copied both ways. Renamed and deleted files are ignored.

I’ve been using SyncToy for doing some occassional backups on a Windows pc. It just works.

Download SyncToy

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